Life, 1936-1972

Escrito por Maldito Insolente el . Publicado en El Siglo XX

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La revista Life publicó no hace mucho una selección de fotografías resumiendo con las que ellos consideran las mejores, un periodo histórico de 39 años, una por año. Este periodo va desde el año 1936 al 1972. Aquí las tienes.

1936 - Robert Capa—Magnum | On the Cordoba front during the Spanish Civil War, a Loyalist fighter is killed in action in September 1936. Originally published in the July 12, 1937, issue of LIFE.

1937 - Margaret Bourke-White—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images | Astronomer Edwin Hubble peers though the eyepiece of the 100-inch Hooker telescope at California's Mt. Wilson Observatory. Originally published in the November 8, 1937, issue of LIFE.

1938 - Thomas McAvoy—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images | President Franklin Roosevelt listens to a speech during the annual Jackson Day fundraising dinner in Washington, DC. Originally published in the January 24, 1938, issue of LIFE.

1939 - Margaret Bourke-White—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images | Aerial view of a DC-4 passenger plane flying over midtown Manhattan. An almost identical photograph from this shoot was published in the June 19, 1939, issue of LIFE.

1940 - William Vandivert—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images | A heavily bandaged British infant, Margaret Curtis, badly injured in a German blitzkrieg attack on London during the Battle of Britain. Originally published in the September 9, 1940, issue of LIFE.

1941 - Walter Sanders—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images | Kappa Sigma Epsilon fraternity members toss blankets out the window of their house in preparation for a spring "blanket party" under the stars at Kansas State Teacher's College. Originally published in the May 26, 1941, issue of LIFE.

1942 - Marie Hansen—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images | Row upon row of WACs (Women's Army Corps members) don gas masks for a training drill at Iowa's Fort Des Moines. Originally published in the September 7, 1942, issue of LIFE.

1943 - Gjon Mili—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images | Professional dancers Willa Mae Ricker and Leon James demonstrate how the Lindy Hop is meant to be danced. Originally published in the August 23, 1943, issue of LIFE.

Robert Capa—Magnum
1944 | In the face of devastating German fire, American troops land at Omaha Beach on D-Day, June 6, 1944. Originally published in the June 19, 1944, issue of LIFE.

Alfred Eisenstaedt—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
1945 | On August 14, 1945 — VJ Day — a jubilant sailor plants a kiss on a nurse in Times Square to celebrate the Allies' long- awaited World War II victory over Japan. Originally published (not as a cover shot, as most people assume today, but as just one in a series of "VJ Day victory celebration" images featured in the middle of the magazine) in the August 27, 1945, issue of LIFE.

W. Eugene Smith—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
1946 | LIFE photographer W. Eugene Smith's children, Juanita and Patrick, walk hand-in-hand into a clearing in 1946. The photo was the closing image in Edward Steichen's now-legendary 1955 MoMA exhibition, The Family of Man, and was one of the very first that Smith, wounded while working in the Pacific in World War II, made after the war.

Gjon Mili—Time & Life Pictures/Getty images
1947 | Heavyweight champ Joe Louis lies on the canvas at (the old, original) Madison Square Garden in New York after being floored by contender Jersey Joe Walcott in a December 1947 title match. Louis came back to win by a controversial decision. Originally published in the December 15, 1947 issue of LIFE.

W. Eugene Smith—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
1948 | Dr. Ernest Ceriani, a general practitioner in tiny Kremmling, Colorado, stands in the town's hospital kitchen after a surgery that lasted until 2 AM. This was the final image in W. Eugene Smith's groundbreaking photo essay, "Country Doctor," originally published in the September 20, 1948, issue of LIFE.

Gjon Mili—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
1949 | Pablo Picasso drafts a centaur in mid-air with a "light pen" in southeastern France. Originally published in the January 30, 1950, issue of LIFE.

David Duncan Douglas
1950 | Early in the Korean War, American Marines march through bitter cold down a canyon road they dubbed "Nightmare Alley" during a grim retreat from the Chosin Reservoir. Originally published in the December 25, 1950, issue of LIFE.

W. Eugene Smith—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
1951 | In the single most famous image from W. Eugene Smith's magisterial photo essay, "Spanish Village," the faces of three members of dictator Francisco Franco's feared Guardia Civil evince the arrogance often assumed by small men granted great power over others. Originally published in the April 9, 1951, issue of LIFE.

J.R. Eyerman—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
1952 | Riveted audience members enjoy opening night of the first full-length American 3-D feature film: the Arch Oboler-directed drama, Bwana Devil. Originally published in the December 15, 1952, issue of LIFE.

Lisa Larsen—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
1953 | Senator John Kennedy and his bride, Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy, smile during their wedding reception, September 12, 1953, in Newport, Rhode Island. Originally published in the September 26, 1953, issue of LIFE.

Ralph Morse—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
1954 | Light beams create a contour map of a human head during an Air Force study of jet-pilot helmets. Originally published, as the cover image, on the December 6, 1954, issue of LIFE.

Dennis Stock—Magnum
1955 | Hunkering against the cold and rain, a haunted-looking James Dean strolls through Times Square, mere blocks from the famous Actors Studio where he and other legends-to-be studied "the Method." Originally published in the March 7, 1955, issue of LIFE.

Leonard McCombe—Time & Life Images/Getty Images
1956 | "Eyes right" is executed with near-military precision by men aboard a New York-bound 20th Century Limited train as movie star Kim Novak eases into her seat in the dining car. Originally published in the March 5, 1956, issue of LIFE.

Paul Schutzer—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
1957 | Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. speaks at the landmark Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom in Washington, DC, one of the earliest mass rallies of the burgeoning Civil Rights Movement. Paul Schutzer took this photograph in 1957, but it did not appear in LIFE until the April 12, 1968, issue — one week after Dr. King was assassinated.

J.R. Eyerman—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
1958 | On the screen of a drive-in theater in Utah, Charlton Heston, as Moses in the The Ten Commandments, throws his arms wide before what appears to be a congregation of cars at prayer. Originally published in the December 22, 1958, issue of LIFE.

Philippe Halsman—Magnum
1959 | The Duke and Duchess of Windsor jump for photographer Philippe Halsman. Originally published in the November 9, 1959, issue of LIFE

Hank Walker—Time & Life Pictures/Getty images
1960 | In a Los Angeles hotel suite, John F. Kennedy confers with his brother and campaign manager Bobby during the Democratic National Convention, at which JFK was picked as the 1960 party nominee. Originally published in the July 25, 1960, issue of LIFE.

Paul Schutzer—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
1961 | Freedom Riders Julia Aaron and David Dennis sit aboard an interstate bus as they and 25 other civil rights activists are escorted by Mississippi National Guardsmen on a violence-marred trip between Montgomery, Alabama, and Jackson, Mississippi. Originally published in the June 2, 1961, issue of LIFE.

Bill Ray
1962 | Shot for LIFE by photographer Bill Ray in May 1962, this now-iconic image of Marilyn Monroe singing "Happy Birthday" to John F. Kennedy at Madison Square Garden never appeared in the weekly magazine.

Carl Mydans—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
1963 | New York Commuters read of John F. Kennedy's assassination, November 1963. This Carl Mydans photo did not appear in LIFE when the magazine published as a weekly, but has been printed in later books.

John Loengard—Time & Life Pictures/Getty images
1964 | Four lads from Liverpool — Paul McCartney, George Harrison, John Lennon, and Ringo Starr — take a dip in an unheated Miami Beach swimming pool during a cold snap on their first trip to the States. "We could not find a heated pool that could be closed off from the rest of the press," photographer John Loengard later said of this picture, "so we settled for one that was not ... [and they] started turning blue." Originally published in the February 28, 1964, issue of LIFE.

John Dominis—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
1965 | In one of the most eloquent photographs ever made of a great athlete in decline, Yankee star Mickey Mantle flings his batting helmet away in disgust after another terrible at-bat near the end of his storied, injury-plagued career. Originally published in the July 30, 1965, issue of LIFE.

Larry Burrows—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
1966 | Wounded Marine Gunnery Sgt. Jeremiah Purdie (center) moves to try and comfort a stricken comrade after a fierce firefight during the Vietnam War. Photographed for an essay that ran in the October 28, 1966, issue of LIFE, this Larry Burrows picture — now regarded as one of the handful of utterly indispensable images from the war — did not appear in the magazine until February 1971.

John Dominis—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
1967 | A leopard, seconds away from killing a terrified baboon, in a hair-raising picture that was, photographer John Dominis admits, entirely staged. Originally published in the January 6, 1967, issue of LIFE.

Bill Eppridge—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
1968 | Senator Robert Kennedy lies in a pool of his own blood on the floor of the kitchen at Los Angeles' Ambassador Hotel, June 5, 1968, after being shot by Jordanian-born assassin Sirhan Sirhan. A dazed, frightened hotel busboy, Juan Romero, tries to comfort the mortally wounded presidential candidate, who died hours later. Robert Kennedy was 42 years old. Originally published in the June 14, 1968, issue of LIFE.

John Dominis—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
1969 | Concert-goers huddle under a sheet of cardboard in the rain at the three-day, era-defining Woodstock Music and Art Fair in Bethel, New York. Originally published in the August 29, 1969, issue of LIFE.

Ralph Crane—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
1970 | A crush of straphangers crowds a subway car in Manhattan. Originally published in the January 9, 1970, issue of LIFE.

John Shearer—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
1971 | Challenger Muhammad Ali taunts heavyweight champ Joe Frazier at Frazier's training camp in Pennsylvania ahead of their March 1971 "Fight of the Century" title bout at Madison Square Garden. Frazier retained the championship belt in a unanimous 15-round decision. Originally published in the March 5, 1971, issue of LIFE.

Co Rentmeester—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
1972 | A masked Palestinian terrorist looks out from a balcony of the athletes' housing complex during the Munich Summer Olympics. On September 5, eight Palestinian guerrillas took 11 Israeli athletes and coaches hostage, and subsequently murdered all of them, in what came to be known as the "Munich Massacre" — the most infamous and violent outrage in Olympic history. Originally published in the September 15,1972, issue of LIFE.

Durante varias décadas que abarca el corazón del siglo 20, una revista estadounidense - que se hace llamar, claramente y con valentía, LIFE - publicó un número asombroso de las fotografías más memorables jamás se ha hecho. Impulsado por la certeza de que el arte del fotoperiodismo podría contar historias y mover a la gente de una manera que los informes tradicionales simplemente no podía, LIFE seguido una gran visión, articulada por el co-fundador de la revista, Henry Luce, que no sólo reconoce la primacía de la imagen , pero consagrado él.

"Para ver la vida," Luce escribió en una ya famosa declaración de la misión de 1936, delineando tanto el método esmerada de su nueva empresa y sus nobles objetivos. "Para ver el mundo; a Eyewitness grandes eventos ... a ver cosas extrañas ... a ver y se sorprenderá ".

La lista de talentos, por su parte, asociado con audaz apuesta editorial de Luce es, en una palabra, impresionante: W. Eugene Smith, Margaret Bourke-White, Alfred Eisenstaedt, Carl Mydans, Andreas Feininger, John Loengard, Gordon Parks, John Dominis, Hansel Mieth, Gris Villet, David Douglas Duncan, Paul Schutzer, Ralph Morse, Michael Rougier, Eliot Elisofon, Nina Leen, Larry Burrows, Gjon Mili y decenas de reporteros gráficos revolucionarios no sólo dispararon por la vida, sino que fueron en el personal de la revista.

"En el transcurso de una semana," Luce señaló en su declaración de 1936, "el ciudadano de los EE.UU. ve muchas fotos.Puede ver fotos de viajes de las revistas de viajes, fotos de arte en compendios de arte, imágenes de cine en cinemagazines, imágenes científicas en revistas científicas. Pero en ninguna parte se puede ver que la crema de todas las imágenes del mundo reunidos por él para disfrutar y estudiar en una sola sesión ".

La crema de todas las imágenes del mundo. Una afirmación nerviosa - pero una afirmación afirmaron en varias ocasiones por incansables, fotógrafos de la vida innovadores y el trabajo que producen, tema por tema, semana tras semana, año tras año. La guerra mundial y las revoluciones pacíficas; Iconos de Hollywood y villanos historia de conformación; la carrera espacial y los derechos civiles; La novela de Ernest Hemingway, El Viejo y el Mar publicado - en su totalidad - en un solo tema, y una nota de tapa sin aliento en un momento-a largo olvidado ingenua Hollywood en la siguiente: Sin embargo trascendental evento, sin embargo legendario, conocido o simplemente de -el momento-a la persona, la vida era allí.

Hoy en día, las fotos impresionantes que tomaron viven aquí, en LIFE.com. Resucitado a través pionera ensayos fotográficos, características alegres, y fotografías inéditas de las principales figuras del siglo y, momentos significativos más cruciales, la visión de Henry Luce (para ver la vida, de Eyewitness grandes eventos, para ver y ser sorprendido) sigue siendo tan relevante y emocionante hoy como lo era hace 75 años.

Esta galería - que ofrece una magnífica imagen de un año a partir de 1936, cuando la revista se estrenó, a 1972, cuando la vida dejó de publicar como semanario - sirve como una introducción a, y una celebración de los tesoros de un archivo de pisos: una visión con una fuerte orientación en la amplitud asombrosa y la excelencia de la fotografía icónica de una publicación de referencia.

- Ben Cosgrove, Editor, LIFE.com

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